敬告作者朋友
最近我们发现,有一些假冒本刊在线投稿系统的网站,采用与《麦类作物学报》相似的网页、网址和邮箱发送征稿通知以及收取审稿费、版面费的信息,以骗取钱财。详细情况见【通知公告】栏的“再次提醒作者朋友:谨防上当受骗!!!”

关闭
闫书味,白尼玛,潘 鑫,刘超洁,代君丽,李洪连,高 飞,张晓婷.2022年河南省小麦茎基腐病和赤霉病病原种群分离鉴定[J].麦类作物学报,2024,(5):667
2022年河南省小麦茎基腐病和赤霉病病原种群分离鉴定
Separation and Identification Pathogen Populations of Fusarium Crown Rot and Fusarium Head Blight in Henan Province in 2022
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  小麦茎基腐病  小麦赤霉病  假禾谷镰孢菌  禾谷镰孢菌
英文关键词:Fusarium crown rot  Fusarium head blight  Fusarium pseudograminearum  Fusarium graminearum
基金项目:国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作与交流项目(31961143018);河南农业大学科技创新基金项目(KJCX2020A14);2022年西部少数民族特配计划项目(人社部发2021年63号文件)
作者单位
闫书味,白尼玛,潘 鑫,刘超洁,代君丽,李洪连,高 飞,张晓婷 (1.河南农业大学植物保护学院河南郑州4500022.小麦玉米作物学国家重点实验室河南郑州4500023.青海省海北州农牧产品质量安全检验检测中心青海西海810299) 
摘要点击次数: 168
全文下载次数: 155
中文摘要:
      近年来,茎基腐病和赤霉病在中国黄淮麦区发生严重,对小麦产量及品质造成较大影响。各地报道小麦茎基腐病和赤霉病病原菌种类有所差异。为明确当前中国小麦主产区河南小麦茎基腐病和赤霉病病原菌种类变化情况,本研究对2022年采自河南省安阳、漯河、周口、南阳等8个不同生态区的小麦茎基腐病病株和赤霉病病穗进行了分离纯化,分别得到257和88株分离物。形态学及分子生物学鉴定结果表明,小麦茎基腐病样品分离物中,假禾谷镰孢菌(Fusarium pseudograminearum)231株,占比89.88%;禾谷镰孢菌(F. graminearum)23株,占比8.95%。赤霉病样品的分离物中,禾谷镰孢菌76株,占比86.36%;假禾谷镰孢菌10株,占比11.36%。2022年河南省所有采样地区的茎基腐病的优势病原菌均为假禾谷镰孢菌,赤霉病的优势病原菌仍为禾谷镰孢菌,但赤霉病样品分离物中假禾谷镰孢菌的占比有所增长,特别是在安阳、平顶山和漯河市的赤霉病样品中假禾谷镰孢菌的分离频率达到了10%以上。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, Fusarium crown rot (FCR) and Fusarium head blight (FHB) have occurred seriously in the Huanghuai wheat area of China, which has a great impact on the yield and quality of wheat. The types of FCR and FHB pathogens were reported to be different in different places. In order to clarify the current changes in the types of FCR and FHB pathogens in Henan, the main wheat areas in China, 257 and 88 isolates were isolated and purified from 8 cities in different ecological regions of Henan Province in 2022, including Anyang, Luohe, Zhoukou, and Nanyang. The morphological and molecular biology identification results showed that among the isolates of FCR samples, there were 231 strains of F. pseudograminearum (89.88%) and 23 strains of F. graminearum (8.95%). Among the isolates from the FHB samples, there were 76 strains of F. graminearum and 10 strains of F. pseudograminearum, accounting for 86.36% and 11.36%, respectively. In 2022, the dominant pathogen of FCR in all sampling areas of Henan Province was F. pseudograminearum, and the dominant pathogen of FHB was still F. graminearum, but the proportion of F. pseudograminearum in FHB increased, especially in the samples of FHB in Anyang, Pingdingshan, and Luohe Cities, where the isolation frequency of F. pseudograminearum reached more than 10%.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

您是第20536962位访问者
版权所有麦类作物学报编辑部
京ICP备09084417号
技术支持: 本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计