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赵广才.中国小麦种植区划研究(一)[J].麦类作物学报,2010,30(5):886
中国小麦种植区划研究(一)
  
DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1009-1041.2010.05.019
中文关键词:  中国  小麦  种植区域
英文关键词:China  Wheat  Planting regionalization  Study
基金项目:国家“十一五”支撑计划资助项目(2006BAD02A13 2 4); 农业部专项“小麦品质稳定性研究”(070101)。
作者单位
赵广才 (中国农业科学院作物科学研究所/农业部作物生理生态与栽培重点开放实验室北京 100081) 
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中文摘要:
      为了更好地使小麦区划为中国小麦科学研究和生产服务,在进行大量调查研究和搜集资料的前提下,结合作者多年进行小麦栽培技术研究的成果和生产实践经验,在前人研究的基础上,进行中国小麦区划研究。结果表明,将中国小麦种植区域划分为4个主区,即:北方冬(秋播)麦区、南方冬(秋播)麦区、春(播)麦区和冬春兼播麦区。进一步划分为10个亚区,即:北部冬(秋播)麦区、黄淮冬(秋播)麦区、长江中下游冬(秋播)麦区、西南冬(秋播)麦区、华南冬(晚秋播)麦区、东北春(播)麦区、北部春(播)麦区、西北春(播)麦区、新疆冬春兼播麦区和青藏春冬兼播麦区。并对各区的地理范围、气候条件、土壤类型、种植制度、小麦生产情况、病虫害发生情况及小麦生产技术要求进行了简要论述。
英文摘要:
      To make planting regionalization serving wheat research and production better,massive investigation was conducted and information was collected,the experiences of the author on wheat cultivetion and production were integrated, the Chinese wheat planting regionalization was put forward based on the previous research.The Chinese wheat planting region was divided into 4 main areas, namely: the northern winter (autumn sowing) wheat production areas, the southern winter (autumn sowing) wheat production areas, spring (autumn sowing) wheat production areas,the southern winter (autumn sowing) wheat production area, spring (spring sowing) wheat production area and the winter spring wheat production area, which was further divided in to 10 sub districts, namely: the northern winter (autumn sowing) wheat area, the Huang Huai winter (autumn sowing) wheat area, the middle and lower reaches of yangtze China winter (Late autumn sowing) wheat area, the Northeast spring (sowing) wheat area, the northern spring (sowing) wheat area, the northwest spring (sowing) wheat areas, the Xinjiang winter spring wheat area and the Qinghai Tibet spring winter wheat areas. The geographical scope of the district, climatic conditions, soil type, planting system, wheat production situation, pest and disease incidence and wheat production technology requirements in each area were briefly elaborated.
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