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赵广才.中国小麦种植区域的生态特点[J].麦类作物学报,2010,30(4):684
中国小麦种植区域的生态特点
Ecology Characteristics of Chinese Wheat Planting Region
  
DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1009-1041.2010.04.019
中文关键词:  中国  小麦  种植区域  生态特点
英文关键词:China  Wheat  Production region  Ecology characteristic
基金项目:国家“十一五”支撑计划项目(2006BAD02A13 2 4);农业部专项“小麦品质稳定性研究”(070101)。
作者单位
赵广才 (中国农业科学院作物科学研究所/农业部作物生理生态与栽培重点开放实验室北京 100081) 
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中文摘要:
      为给进一步研究中国小麦种植区划提供依据,在大量调查和搜集资料的基础上,分析了中国小麦种植区域分布、气候和土壤特点、种植制度以及品种类型。结果表明,中国小麦分布地域辽阔,全国各省区均可完成小麦生活周期,目前除海南省外其余各省(区)均有小麦统计面积。中国小麦种植区域气候因素多样,从寒温带逐步过渡到温带、亚热带和热带地区。小麦种植区域土壤类型复杂,土壤质地多为壤土,次为砂壤土和粉土,少有黏土和砂土。种植制度主要包括一年一熟、一年两熟、两年三熟或一年三熟。中国小麦生产中主要以普通小麦品种种植为主,这些品种根据春化特性可分为春性、冬性和半冬性小麦三大类型。
英文摘要:
      The regional distribution of wheat planting in China, the climate characteristics, the soil characteristics, planting system and all the wheat variety types in different regions were analysed. The results indicated that wheat distributed widely in China. All the province could complete the wheat life cycle except Hainan. The climate conditions were diverse, from cold temperate zone to temperate zone, subtropics and tropics area. The soil type were complex, the soil texture mainly were loam, next as sandy loam and silty soil, unusual clay and sandy soil. The planting area's cropping system mainly included one crop per year, two crops a year, three crops two year or three crops a year. The wheat production mainly was Triticum aestivum variety, according to vernaliation the varieties could be divided into spring wheat, winter wheat and semiwinter wheat.
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